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Chair of electronics and power engineering

1) Quantum and optical electronics

Title: Quantum and optical electronics
Timing: Autumn term
Responsible person: Alexander Shelestov (Professor assistant)
Relations to other study units: Quantum physics, optics, mathematics.
Year of study: 4 course of the Faculty of Physical Engineering
Specialization of students: Physical electronics, the automated systems of informationís processing and control, physics, geophysics, the information-measuring technics and technologies.
Objectives: The goal of the course is providing the students information of quantum and optical electron-ics, the principles of laser equipment and modern situation in the sphere of optical devices.
Content description:
The spontaneous and compelled radiation. Absorption. Einstein's factors. Mechanisms of the expansion of the laser lines. Homogeneous and non-uniform of the expansion. A principle of action of the laser. Characteristics of laser radiation. The kinetic theory of lasers. The equation of density of the popula-tion. The intensity equation. A mode of free generation. A mode of the modulated good quality. A mode of ultrashort impulses. The optical quantum amplifier of a running wave. Open optical resona-tors. The phenomena occurring in the resonator. Open optical resonators. Fashions of the optical reso-nator. Cross-section fashions of the optical resonator. Selection of fashions. Longitudinal fashions of the optical resonator. Selection of fashions. The scheme of the optical quantum generator. Solid-state lasers. The laser on a ruby crystal. The laser on a crystal of grenade of alumo- yttrium. Lasers on glasses. Liquid lasers. Lasers on solutions of organic connections. Lasers on steams of chemical ele-ments. The copper laser. Lasers on steams of chemical elements. Helium- cadmiumís laser. Gas lasers. Helium Ė neonís laser. Pulse gas lasers. Molecular lasers. The laser on a nitrogen molecule. The laser on a molecule of carbonic gas. Chemical lasers. The semiconductor laser. Lasers on free electrons. La-ser methods of measurements. Interferometr of Majkelson. Reception of palpation (heterodins). Dop-pler's effect for laser measurements of speed. Speed measurement of a stream of a liquid or gas. Meas-urement of the sizes of small objects and thin wireís diameters. Research of a profile, position and degree of cleanliness of a surface. Detection of defects of surfaces. Requirements to coherence at laser methods of measurements. An action principle, classification of optical devices. Principles of hologra-phy and holographic methods of processing of the information. A construction principle, classification, characteristics of optical lines for information transfer. Gauges and photodetectors. P-n, p-i-n, the ava-lanche photo detector. Connectors and splitters: The device, types, characteristics. Optical fiber appli-cation. Standards of channels of an information transfer.
Realization and working methods: Lectures 64, group work 150, independent study 80 hours.
Study materials and literature: Provided in the lectures
Evaluation: Exercises on the each laboratory work and course report
Other information: The course includes working in laboratory with laser equipment for course material.


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