Chair of electronics and power engineering
1) Quantum and optical electronics
Title: Quantum and optical electronics
Timing: Autumn term
Responsible person: Alexander Shelestov (Professor assistant)
Relations to other study units: Quantum physics, optics, mathematics.
Year of study: 4 course of the Faculty of Physical Engineering
Specialization of students: Physical electronics, the automated systems
of informationís processing and control, physics, geophysics, the
information-measuring technics and technologies.
Objectives: The goal of the course is providing the students information
of quantum and optical electron-ics, the principles of laser equipment and
modern situation in the sphere of optical devices.
The spontaneous and compelled radiation. Absorption. Einstein's factors.
Mechanisms of the expansion of the laser lines. Homogeneous and non-uniform of
the expansion. A principle of action of the laser. Characteristics of laser
radiation. The kinetic theory of lasers. The equation of density of the
popula-tion. The intensity equation. A mode of free generation. A mode of the
modulated good quality. A mode of ultrashort impulses. The optical quantum
amplifier of a running wave. Open optical resona-tors. The phenomena occurring
in the resonator. Open optical resonators. Fashions of the optical reso-nator.
Cross-section fashions of the optical resonator. Selection of fashions.
Longitudinal fashions of the optical resonator. Selection of fashions. The
scheme of the optical quantum generator. Solid-state lasers. The laser on a ruby
crystal. The laser on a crystal of grenade of alumo- yttrium. Lasers on glasses.
Liquid lasers. Lasers on solutions of organic connections. Lasers on steams of
chemical ele-ments. The copper laser. Lasers on steams of chemical elements.
Helium- cadmiumís laser. Gas lasers. Helium Ė neonís laser. Pulse gas lasers.
Molecular lasers. The laser on a nitrogen molecule. The laser on a molecule of
carbonic gas. Chemical lasers. The semiconductor laser. Lasers on free electrons.
La-ser methods of measurements. Interferometr of Majkelson. Reception of
palpation (heterodins). Dop-pler's effect for laser measurements of speed. Speed
measurement of a stream of a liquid or gas. Meas-urement of the sizes of small
objects and thin wireís diameters. Research of a profile, position and degree of
cleanliness of a surface. Detection of defects of surfaces. Requirements to
coherence at laser methods of measurements. An action principle, classification
of optical devices. Principles of hologra-phy and holographic methods of
processing of the information. A construction principle, classification,
characteristics of optical lines for information transfer. Gauges and
photodetectors. P-n, p-i-n, the ava-lanche photo detector. Connectors and
splitters: The device, types, characteristics. Optical fiber appli-cation.
Standards of channels of an information transfer.
Realization and working methods: Lectures 64, group work 150, independent
study 80 hours.
Study materials and literature: Provided in the lectures
Evaluation: Exercises on the each laboratory work and course report
Other information: The course includes working in laboratory with laser
equipment for course material.